Vaccinations for Vietnam or what vaccinations do I need for Vietnam is a common question from travelers who are planning their trip to Vietnam. Vietnam is one of the country owns many infection diseases that developed countries do not have, therefore Ministry of Healthcare from many countries recommend or force their citizens have to vaccinate before arrival in Vietnam. Below is some of popular infections in Vietnam.
Vaccinations for Vietnam – Popular diseases
Vaccination for Japanese encephalitis to travel Vietnam
One of the first popular infection is Japanese encephalitis, people usually miss that this disease only appear in Japan but Vietnam and Indonesia is the places to be infected easily in fact. Reason of this disease is mosquito live in rice fields. Vaccination for Japanese encephalitis is effective as 80% within 10 days before arrival.
Vaccination for rabies to travel Vietnam
A very dangerous disease in Vietnam is easily infected called rabies. The rate of homeless and stray cats or dogs in Vietnam is very high, additionally cats and dogs in Vietnam are able to be infected because wrong adoption and not clean environment. Many travel insurance companies, travel agents or healthcare organizations recommend getting far away from mammals in Vietnam and vaccinated before traveling to villages.
Vaccination for malaria to travel Vietnam
Other popular disease is malaria, pathogenic reason is malaria mosquito. Visitors are advised to use anti-mosquito medicine before travel to forests or villages, especially at night or sunset and using malaria vaccination before arriving in Vietnam.
Vaccinations for Vietnam – Highly recommended diseases
Vaccination for Hepatitis A to visit Vietnam
According to WHO (World Health Organization), Vietnam is a big epidemic situation related to hygiene and food safety – Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A virus is transmitted to body through not clean food or water. Vaccination is essential before arrival in Vietnam.
Vaccination for cholera to visit Vietnam
Vietnam placed in the list of 40 countries owns cholera in the world. Over 40% of international visitors get diarrhea due to this virus. For protection, you must not drink unspoiled water and food. Please note that water from taps in Vietnam is not disinfected, do not drink water when bathing, use clean water when brushing teeth and do not drink water with ice in the pavement because it can be made from unclean water. Do not swim in the unclean lakes or rivers. Vaccination for cholera can against other diarrhea viruses.
Vaccination for tuberculosis to visit Vietnam
Vietnam is one of the countries has tuberculosis, most of Vietnamese people catched or catching tuberculosis disease with death number is 20,000 persons per year. Inoculation against tuberculosis is compulsory before arriving in Vietnam.
Vaccination for petechial fever to visit Vietnam
Petechial fever appears all year round in Vietnam, but the peak of epidemic is autumn. You should vaccinate petechial fever when to travel at this time.
Vaccinations for Vietnam – Recommended diseases
Vaccination for tetanus to go to Vietnam
Tetanus virus penetrates into injury or wound and grow increasingly to become infected nest that causes tetanus disease. Tetanus disease possesses a very high rate of death (25 – 90%). Vietnam is easy infected environment because hygiene is not safe. Tetanus virus usually appears in sandy soil, dust, mammal and bird feces, sewers etc. Vaccination for tetanus is essential before arrival in Vietnam.
Vaccination for bird flu to go to Vietnam
H5N1 virus is bird flu virus group with high rate of infection. In 1997, bloom of H5N1 virus infects and kills million of poultry. From December 2003 to May 2009, there are 258 people death from 423 persons infected H5N1 virus in 15 countries, mostly in Asia. In Vietnam, there are 56 death from 111 infected persons from 2003. Level of food safety in Vietnam is not high, recommendation is to limit usage of food from birds (chicken, turkey, duck…), especially in countryside.
Vaccination for typhoid to go to Vietnam
Typhoid is mostly infected through digestion, commonly in areas own low standard of hygiene, sometimes bloomed to epidemic. In the developing countries, yearly infected rate varies from 198/100.000 (Vietnam) to 980/100.000 (India) in the recent 5 years. This disease appears by seasons accordingly, focus on hot and months in the year. In Vietnam, it frequently occurs in the south, you should vaccinate typhoid before traveling to Vietnam.
For more information for plan to Vietnam, please refer to below items: